God the Father is symbolized in several Genesis scenes in Michelangelo 's Sistine Chapel ceiling , most famously The Creation of Adam whose image of near touching hands of God and Adam is iconic of humanity, being a reminder that Man is created in the Image and Likeness of God Gen God the Father is depicted as a powerful figure, floating in the clouds in Titian's Assumption of the Virgin in the Frari of Venice , long admired as a masterpiece of High Renaissance art.
In some of these paintings the Trinity is still alluded to in terms of three angels, but Giovanni Battista Fiammeri also depicted God the Father as a man riding on a cloud, above the scenes. In both the Last Judgment and the Coronation of the Virgin paintings by Rubens he depicted God the Father using the image that by then had become widely accepted, a bearded patriarchal figure above the fray. While representations of God the Father were growing in Italy, Spain, Germany and the Low Countries, there was resistance elsewhere in Europe, even during the 17th century.
In most members of the Star Chamber court in England except the Archbishop of York condemned the use of the images of the Trinity in church windows, and some considered them illegal. In the 43rd chapter of the Great Moscow Council specifically included a ban on a number of symbolic depictions of God the Father and the Holy Spirit, which then also resulted in a whole range of other icons being placed on the forbidden list,   mostly affecting Western-style depictions which had been gaining ground in Orthodox icons.
However some icons continued to be produced in Russia, as well as Greece , Romania , and other Orthodox countries. Muslims believe that God Allah is beyond all comprehension and equal, and does not resemble any of his creations in any way. Thus, Muslims are not iconodules , are not expected to visualize God, and instead of having pictures of Allah in their mosques , typically have religious calligraphy written on the wall.
These Manifestations are the great prophets and teachers of many of the major religious traditions. Although the faith is strictly monotheistic, it also preaches the unity of all religions and focuses on these multiple epiphanies as necessary for meeting the needs of humanity at different points in history and for different cultures, and as part of a scheme of progressive revelation and education of humanity. Classical theists such as Ancient Greco-Medieval philosophers, Roman Catholics , Eastern Orthodox Christians , many Jews and Muslims , and some Protestants [a] speak of God as a divinely simple ' nothing ' that is completely transcendent totally independent of all else , and having attributes such as immutability , impassibility , and timelessness.
Many philosophers developed arguments for the existence of God,  while attempting to comprehend the precise implications of God's attributes. Reconciling some of those attributes—particularly the attributes of the God of theistic personalism—generated important philosophical problems and debates. For example, God's omniscience may seem to imply that God knows how free agents will choose to act. If God does know this, their ostensible free will might be illusory, or foreknowledge does not imply predestination, and if God does not know it, God may not be omniscient.
The last centuries of philosophy have seen vigorous questions regarding the arguments for God's existence raised by such philosophers as Immanuel Kant , David Hume and Antony Flew , although Kant held that the argument from morality was valid. The theist response has been either to contend, as does Alvin Plantinga , that faith is " properly basic ", or to take, as does Richard Swinburne , the evidentialist position.
There would be no risk, they say, if the arguments for God's existence were as solid as the laws of logic, a position summed up by Pascal as "the heart has reasons of which reason does not know. Many religious believers allow for the existence of other, less powerful spiritual beings such as angels , saints , jinn , demons , and devas. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the concept of a supreme "God" in the context of monotheism.
For the general concept of a being superior to humans that is worshiped as "a god", see Deity and God male deity. For God in specific religions, see Conceptions of God. For other uses of the term, see God disambiguation. Supreme being, creator deity, and principal object of faith in monotheism. Many religions use images to "represent" God in icons for art or for worship. Here are some examples of representations of God in Christianity and various branches of Hinduism.
General conceptions. Specific conceptions. In particular religions. Experiences Practices. Related topics. Main article: God word. Main article: Conceptions of God. Main articles: Monotheism and Henotheism. Main articles: Theism , Deism , and Pantheism.
See also: Evolutionary origin of religions and Evolutionary psychology of religion. Main article: Anthropomorphism. Main article: Existence of God. For the original text of the five proofs, see quinque viae. Main article: Names of God. Main article: Gender of God. See also: Creator deity , Prayer , and Worship. Further information: God in Catholicism. See also: God the Father in Western art. Further information: God in Islam. Further information: Manifestation of God. See also: Classical theism and Theistic Personalism. Mythology portal Philosophy portal Religion portal. Archived from the original on 3 March Retrieved 30 December Although in the Talmudic part of the Torah and especially in Kabalah G-d is referred to under the name ' Sh'chinah ' — which is feminine, this is only to accentuate the fact that all the creation and nature are actually in the receiving end in reference to the creator and as no part of the creation can perceive the creator outside of nature, it is adequate to refer to the divine presence in feminine form.
We refer to G-d using masculine terms simply for convenience's sake, because Hebrew has no neutral gender; G-d is no more male than a table is. Lichtheim, Ancient Egyptian Literature , Vol. Kidder, Noah D. Oppenheim, p. Dawe Pandeism: This is the belief that God created the universe, is now one with it, and so, is no longer a separate conscious entity. This is a combination of pantheism God is identical to the universe and deism God created the universe and then withdrew Himself. Apart from the unlikely hypothesis of adoption from a foreign tongue, the OTeut.
The former does not appear to admit of explanation; but the latter would represent the neut. Merriam-Webster, Inc. Retrieved 19 July Christian Science.
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Kessinger Publishing. Islam: Empire of Faith. Retrieved 18 December Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. A Social-Science Critique". Harvard Divinity Bulletin. Sri Granth. Retrieved 30 June Archived from the original on 19 February Searching for Spiritual Unity Can There Be Common Ground? London: Longmans, Green and Co. Atheism and Theism. Blackwell Publishing.
A Neomedieval Essay in Philosophical Theology. Lexington Books. Philosophy of Religion. Archived from the original on 24 April Retrieved 16 July Johnston In its most abstract form, deism may not attempt to describe the characteristics of such a non-interventionist creator, or even that the universe is identical with God a variant known as pandeism.
Pandeism combines the concepts of Deism and Pantheism with a god who creates the universe and then becomes it. Fuller Thought: The Only Reality. Pandeism is another belief that states that God is identical to the universe, but God no longer exists in a way where He can be contacted; therefore, this theory can only be proven to exist by reason.
Pandeism views the entire universe as being from God and now the universe is the entirety of God, but the universe at some point in time will fold back into one single being which is God Himself that created all. Pandeism raises the question as to why would God create a universe and then abandon it?
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As this relates to pantheism, it raises the question of how did the universe come about what is its aim and purpose? Rogers Ultimate Truth, Book 1. Further review helps to accentuate the idea that natural law, existence, and the Universe which is the sum total of all that is, was, and shall be, is represented in the theological principle of an abstract 'god' rather than an individual, creative Divine Being or Beings of any kind. This is the key element which distinguishes them from Panentheists and Pandeists. As such, although many religions may claim to hold Pantheistic elements, they are more commonly Panentheistic or Pandeistic in nature.
I am the Truth. Toward a philosophy of Christianity. Translated by Susan Emanuel. Stanford University Press. The God Delusion. Great Britain: Bantam Press. The Huffington Post. Retrieved 10 January The Demon Haunted World. New York: Ballantine Books. The Grand Design. Bantam Books. In Donald M. Borchert ed. The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. In the most general use of the term, agnosticism is the view that we do not know whether there is a God or not.
In Edward Craig ed.
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Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. In the popular sense, an agnostic is someone who neither believes nor disbelieves in God, whereas an atheist disbelieves in God. In the strict sense, however, agnosticism is the view that human reason is incapable of providing sufficient rational grounds to justify either the belief that God exists or the belief that God does not exist. In so far as one holds that our beliefs are rational only if they are sufficiently supported by human reason, the person who accepts the philosophical position of agnosticism will hold that neither the belief that God exists nor the belief that God does not exist is rational.
OED Online, 3rd ed. Oxford University Press. Also: person of indeterminate ideology or conviction; an equivocator.
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Also: holding this belief. In extended use: not committed to or persuaded by a particular point of view; sceptical. Also: politically or ideologically unaligned; non-partisan, equivocal. The doctrine or tenets of agnostics with regard to the existence of anything beyond and behind material phenomena or to knowledge of a First Cause or God.
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Please double check your mobile number and click on "Send Verification Code". Enter the code below and hit Verify. Free Shipping All orders of Cash on Delivery Pay for your order in cash at the moment the shipment is delivered to your doorstep. The Easter season —beginning on Easter Sunday and continuing for 50 days—is an opportunity for us to cultivate a spirit that defines who we are as Christians.
So what does living the spirit of the Easter season mean in practical terms? Here are three concrete suggestions. Joy is a deep-down gladness that cannot be taken away, even in the midst of sorrow. The Passion and Resurrection of Jesus teach us that suffering is transformed through faith in the Risen Christ. With this faith, we are able to hold on to an enduring sense of joy even in the midst of the sadness we experience from the loss of a loved one, a failure to achieve an important goal, or a setback during recovery from an illness.
The Resurrection teaches us that God can overcome anything, even death. Our faith allows us to trust that God can overcome our most serious problems.